War Against Humanity: Human Rights, Covid-19 and More

The war between Azerbaijan and Armenia in the midst of the Covid-19 Pandemic will loose or weak the world’s fight against the virus. It is a sad news that two countries are fighting a war and another country enters into the war to take advantage. it is the duty of other countries to stop the war. Every country should try to stop the war.

Azerbaijan and Armenia Flag

We’re talking about Turkey which has now entered into the war after 23 soldiers were reported killed in two countries. War is not the solution to every problem. War is one of the biggest crime against Humanity . The entry of Turkey in the war can’t solve the entire problem and it will make the situations to go much worse than we can’t imagine because it will make the war as a Multi-Sided War in which more local countries will take part after the call of Super Powers like Turkey had also entered in the Syrian Civil war with US, which was started back in March 2011 and is still continuing because of foreign Involvement . Thus, making it a war between US and Russia more than the war between Syrian Government and National Syrian Coalition or Syrian Opposition led by president of Syria.

War is one of the biggest enemy of the Humanity. It makes Millions as Refugees, Homeless. 1 per cent of the world’s population have fled their homes as a result of conflict or persecution.

World is already facing war between many countries. These countries have an armed conflict that involves the use of armed force between two or more organized groups, governmental or non-governmental.

  • Afghanistan. The war in Afghanistan has been on and off since 1978.

The fight or conflict between these two countries namely Armenia and Azerbaijan began in 1988, when the Karabakh Armenians demanded that Karabakh be transferred from Soviet Azerbaijan to Soviet Armenia. The conflict escalated into a full-scale war in the early 1990s. The long-standing conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan escalated last month, and the two countries suffered their worst losses in four years. Between July 12 and 16, at least 16 service members from the two sides were killed: four Armenian soldiers and 12 Azerbaijanis, including a major general. on Sunday, Armenia announced it was declaring martial law, mobilising its army and ordering civilians to shelter. It claimed its neighbour Azerbaijan had launched a military operation inside a disputed region called Nagorno-Karabakh. Azerbaijan said it attacked only in response to Armenian shelling.

The dispute is because of Nagorno-Karabakh region, which is recognised internationally as Azerbaijan’s territory but has a mostly Armenian population who have resisted Azerbaijani rule for more than a century. In 1991 the region declared independence and since then it has ruled itself — with Armenian support — as the unrecognised Republic of Artsakh.

Disputed Region. Image: Guardian

Despite signs in the past two years of possible progress towards peace, one of Europe’s “frozen conflicts” has erupted again. Since Sunday, forces from Nagorno-Karabakh along with the Armenian military have been fighting Azerbaijani troops, armour and aircraft. At least two dozen people have been killed including civilians, and hundreds more are said to be injured. Azerbaijan has claimed to have taken territory inside Nagorno-Karabakh, a claim the Armenians dispute, and it appears to be a fluid situation on the ground.

What’s the background?

Nagorno-Karabakh, a mountainous, landlocked region inside the borders of Azerbaijan, has been a source of dispute since before the creation of the Soviet Union. Tensions were suppressed when both Armenia and Azerbaijan were Soviet states, but they re-emerged as the cold war ended and Communist party control of the bloc dissolved.

A war between Armenian and Azerbaijani forces ended in a ceasefire in 1994, with Armenia in full control of Nagorno-Karabakh and other smaller enclaves of Azerbaijan’s territory.

The border between the two is considered one of the most militarised in the world, said Laurence Broers, the Caucasus programme director at Conciliation Resources, a peace-building group.

“We have a situation where we have trench warfare going on in Europe more than 100 years after the first world war,” he said. “In some areas the lines are so close they can hear and potentially talk to one another.”

Azerbaijan is majority Muslim and Armenia is majority Christian, and some elements on both sides seek to cast the conflict in religious terms, though analysts say this angle is exaggerated (Azerbaijan, for example, maintains strong defence ties with Israel).

Between 1994 and 2009, as many as 3,000 people, mostly soldiers, had been killed, according to most observers. In 2008, the fighting became more intense and frequent. With 72 deaths recorded throughout the year, 2014 became the bloodiest since the war ended.

Why are they fighting now?

An Armenian revolution in 2018 ushered in a new generation of leadership and raised hopes that the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict could move towards resolution. Those aspirations have since dwindled, with Armenia’s prime minister, Nikol Pashinyan, taking a firm line on the issue similar to his predecessor’s.

With the Covid-19 pandemic taking a toll on the price of Azerbaijani oil and gas, it may be that its rulers have decided now is a good time to act, Broers said. “They may have thought: perhaps it’s an idea to have an operation now, rally the population around the flag, make some territorial gains and re-enter the peace process from a position of strength,” Broers said.

Azerbaijan says it is responding to Armenian aggression in areas that are legally its territory and which have been occupied by enemy troops and separatists for decades.

Why does it matter?

Other than the humanitarian issue, with civilians on both sides being killed, the conflict sparks international concern for a few reasons. The major one is that regional powers including Russia, Turkey and Iran are invested in the South Caucasus to varying degrees. If the fighting is left to fester, “you could have a process of sleepwalking, as you did in the first world war, into a larger regional conflict,” Broers said.

Turkey has already declared its staunch support for Azerbaijan, while Russia is traditionally closer to Armenia, though its ties with Azerbaijani elites have grown. The two countries have been jostling for influence in different theatres around the world including in Syria and Libya. Armenia has claimed that Turkey is sending Syrian fighters into the area to fight on Azerbaijan’s side, though there is not yet strong evidence for this and Azerbaijan calls it “complete nonsense”.

The wider South Caucasus is a crucial artery for gas and oil from Azerbaijan into Turkey and on to Europe and other world markets. Azerbaijan supplies about 5% of Europe’s gas and oil demands (helping to reduce the EU’s dependence on Russia), and fighting in 2016 came close to a number of these pipelines.

Anti-Armenian sentiment or Armenophobia is widespread in Azerbaijan, mainly due to the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh.

The war in the time of Covid-19 Pandemic, will loose the World’s fight against Covid-19 but can also cause increase in the no of cases of Covid-19 in both the countries because the Government of Both the Armenia and Azerbaijan will not be caring about the Covid-19. Instead, they will care about the War needs to the Army. Thus, it will affect the Right To Health Care of peoples of both the countries. Armenia have reported 49,574 cases. Out of which 43,665 have recovered with more than 957 deaths. Whereas Azerbaijan have reported 40,023 cases, out of which 37,655 have recovered with over more than 586 deaths.

The war will not only affect the economy of Armenia and Azerbaijan but will also affect the Global Economy too. Armenia contributes 7.29 % in the world economy .With 7.29% Armenia was second best in GDP per capita growth terms in Europe and Central Asia in 2017. Armenian GDP PPP (measured in current international dollar) grew total of 316% per capita in the years 2000–2017 becoming 6th best worldwide in these terms. whereas, Azerbaijan is a developing country and ranks 87th on the Human Development Index. It has a high rate of economic development and literacy, as well as a low rate of unemployment. it will make the already weak and Collapsed economy of the world to much worse.It will also affects the peoples of these countries to live more in Poverty and will weak the Countries roots to tackle any crisis.

The Asian Development Bank reported that in 2016 5.9 percent of the Azerbaijan population lived below the national poverty line, which is good compared to the neighbor countries Georgia and Armenia that had 21.3 percent and 29.4 percent of their populations, respectively, below the national poverty line in 2016.

The war will lead the countries towards more cases of Human Rights Violations because no one will be caring about Human Rights specially the rights of Child, Women and LGBT Community Rights.Mostly affected peoples in War are LGBT Peoples and Women from Sexual Violence. According to Human Rights Watch , Karabakh Armenian violations of the rules of war for the period the report covers include the following: forced displacement of the Azeri population by means of indiscriminate and targeted shelling of civilian populations; capture of civilian stragglers; looting and burning of civilian homes It does not matter in a war that you are a Leader, Soldier . Sexual Violence is a Crime.

The world also should not care about the Gas Pipeline because it’s time to Switch to the renewable . But the world should care and try it’s best to stop this war.

War is not the Solution to any problem. Now is the time to solve Global Issues :

  1. Action For Peace

Let’s Stop The War Here.

Let’s Put the Full Stop on this War.

Peoples For Human Rights International Statement on this war at Twitter.

Source of Information: Article from Guardian.Com , Wikipedia , and some information is gathered by us. Views are personnel.

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Climate Activist Environmentalist Human and Animal Rights Activist Founder of Save Me From My Foe,Founder and Director of Peoples For Human Rights International